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paréntesis (Valor 10 puntos).
The Aztecs of Mexico: A Zero Waste Society
The Aztecs had modest beginnings, serving as mercenaries for other
nations. In time, their reputation as fierce warriors grew and they
(build) a $1\left(y-state$ Since other indigenous nations had already
settled around the lakes on more desirable land, the only way for the
Aztecs to accommodate a growing population (is). to develop
around the small island. The Aztecs expanded $e\times |co-Ten0chtiHdn$ by
building chinampas, or artificial islands...
Most residents of $Me\times ic0=TenQcht+|an$ (live) on chinampas, where
they also (grow) their (acrreop) s. Lake channels surrounded all four
sides of each chinampa and wide enough for a canoe to
navigate. These channels provided crop irrigation and an easy way to
transport products to market...
Aztec waste management
The city expanded and the number of chinampas grew with it. By the
year 1519, when the Spaniards (arrive) L $le\times 1c0-Ten0chttH$ $n$
had a population of over 200,000. It was the largest city in the
Americas, caitny d one of the largest in the world – bigger than any
European at the time...
Due to the
climate, the $abundancg$ of water and sunlight, as well as a temperate
chinampas were highly productive, producing up to four
crops a year, and about $w0=tnrds$ of the food consumed in the city.
Another important factor in
maintaining that high productivity was the
intensive recycling nutrients. The Aztecs disposed of all kinds of
organic wastes $ingofnU$ $lnthech$ $fe+ze$
chinampas, such as food leftovers and agricultural
residues, which the crops. Further, the most valuable fertilizer
used on the chinampas was human excrement. With other uses, such as
for tanning leather, the excrement was swo as vacluoleld ecttehd at atnhd e ecvitey nthuaad lly a
network of public latrines from which it
(sell) at the city's main market.
Human urine was used as a mordant $\left(fi\times ative\right)intnedyeinC$ $offabncs\right)$
and, thus also considered a resource...
In Aztec times, Mexico sheep, goats or
chickens (they were but the Aztecs
consumed animal $\left(n$ $tn$ $ve$ $n$ $oducedby$ $neE$ $op$ $an$ $\right)$ $keys$ $duks$ $de$ $oten$ $o$ $ab$ $d0tdog$ $ase\right)edn9$ $hem$ $o0d$ $eF0$ fish, and itoztchueinr tli
animals. They also protein cdaetteler, ,
for human consumption, leftovers...
By recovering and recycling this waste, the Aztecs prevented pollution in
the lakes that surrounded $ye\times 1c0=Tenocnt1+|an$ Any burnable materials,
such as textiles, were recovered and burned at night in order to
illuminate public spaces...
During the rule of Moctezuma $1\left(1502t01520\right)$ dumping of waste and
even littering in public spaces was prohibited and penalized. In some
cases the penalties for violating the law would be considered
disproportionate by today's $tan4ax$ $63$ a person could be sentenced to
death for cutting down a living tree without proper authorization. Aztec
society expected its rulers and nobility to be role models and stipulated
stiffer penalties for them than for the general population if they violated
$ye\times 1c0=Ten$ $cn+1+|an$ had officials in charge of maintaining cleanliness
and street sweeping. Scavengers - (call) pepenilia -were in
charge of recovering recyclable materials. Interestingly, Mexican
scavengers today are still called pepenadores (singular pepenador),
which stems from the verb pepenar, for "to $sCrounqe/select$ that is
itself derived from a Náhuatl (the Aztecs' language) word for to